Vit D may slow MS-JAMA NEUROLOGY-2014

Posted by:  Kevin G. Parker, D.C.

Published:    JAMA NEUROLOGY 2014-formerly Archives of Neurology 

Vitamin D as an Early Predictor of Multiple Sclerosis Activity and Progression

Alberto Ascherio, MD, DrPH1; Kassandra L. Munger, ScD1; Rick White, MSc2; Karl Köchert, PhD3; Kelly Claire Simon, ScD1; Chris H. Polman, MD4; Mark S. Freedman, MD5; Hans-Peter Hartung, MD6; David H. Miller, MD7; Xavier Montalbán, MD8; Gilles Edan, MD9; Frederik Barkhof, MD4; Dirk Pleimes, MD10; Ernst-Wilhelm Radü, MD11; Rupert Sandbrink, MD3,6; Ludwig Kappos, MD11; Christoph Pohl, MD3,12

Key Points

1. Findings suggest that patients in the early stages of MS could stave off disease symptoms by increasing their vitamin D intake.

2. “Because low vitamin D levels are common and can be easily and safely increased by oral supplementation, these findings may contribute to better outcomes for many MS patients,”-lead author Alberto Ascherio, professor of epidemiology and nutrition at HSPH.

3. Researchers found that early stage MS patients who had adequate levels of vitamin D had a 57 percent lower rate of new brain lesions, a 57 percent lower relapse rate, and a 25 percent lower yearly increase in lesion volume than those with lower levels of vitamin D.

4. Loss in brain volume, which is an important predictor of disability, was also lower among patients with adequate vitamin D levels.

5. Researchers also stated the results suggest that vitamin D has a strong protective effect on the disease process underlying MS-and underscore the importance of correcting vitamin D insufficiency.

6. Related article links at bottom of page.

ABSTRACT

Importance It remains unclear whether vitamin D insufficiency, which is common in individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS), has an adverse effect on MS outcomes.

Objectives To determine whether serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25[OH]D), a marker of vitamin D status, predict disease activity and prognosis in patients with a first event suggestive of MS (clinically isolated syndrome).

Design, Setting, and Participants The Betaferon/Betaseron in Newly Emerging multiple sclerosis For Initial Treatment study was a randomized trial originally designed to evaluate the impact of early vs delayed interferon beta-1b treatment in patients with clinically isolated syndrome. Serum 25(OH)D concentrations were measured at baseline and 6, 12, and 24 months. A total of 465 of the 468 patients randomized had at least 1 25(OH)D measurement, and 334 patients had them at both the 6- and 12-month (seasonally asynchronous) measurements. Patients were followed up for 5 years clinically and by magnetic resonance imaging.

Main Outcomes and Measures New active lesions, increased T2 lesion volume, and brain volume on magnetic resonance imaging, as well as MS relapses and disability (Expanded Disability Status Scale score).

Results Higher 25(OH)D levels predicted reduced MS activity and a slower rate of progression. A 50-nmol/L (20-ng/mL) increment in average serum 25(OH)D levels within the first 12 months predicted a 57% lower rate of new active lesions (P < .001), 57% lower relapse rate (P = .03), 25% lower yearly increase in T2 lesion volume (P < .001), and 0.41% lower yearly loss in brain volume (P = .07) from months 12 to 60. Similar associations were found between 25(OH)D measured up to 12 months and MS activity or progression from months 24 to 60. In analyses using dichotomous 25(OH)D levels, values greater than or equal to 50 nmol/L (20 ng/mL) at up to 12 months predicted lower disability (Expanded Disability Status Scale score, −0.17; P = .004) during the subsequent 4 years.

Conclusions and Relevance Among patients with MS mainly treated with interferon beta-1b, low 25(OH)D levels early in the disease course are a strong risk factor for long-term MS activity and progression.

Related articles:

Vit D-May Effectively Treat Fibromyalgia-Jr of Pain-2014

Vit D3 and MS-Neurology 2010

Vit. D-What We Have Learned About Vitamin D Dosing

Vitamin D intake and incidence of multiple sclerosis-Journal of Neurology 2004

MS Less Likely With Plenty of Sun, Vitamin D- Neurology 2011;76(6):540-548

Vit D for Higher Levels of Health 2012

Vit D for Cancer Prevention-Annals of Epidemiology 2009

Vit D- Reduction in breast cancer risk-Cancer Causes Ctrl 2010

Vit D2 versus D3-Meta Analysis-John J. Cannell, M.D.

Vit D3 and the Flu-Epidemiology and Infection-2007

Vit. D- The Food and Nutrition Board has failed millions

Vitamin D Supplementation: An Update-U.S. Pharmacist 11/11/2010

Vitamin D3 Helps Clear Amyloid in Alzheimer’s Disease

Vit. D3-promote fat loss and gain good muscle in women

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